Before submitting a manuscript to Geologica, authors are requested to comply with the Publication Ethics as mentioned below.

  • Any article to be published in the journal Geologica must be of scientific merit. The journal Geologica does not charge for publication.
  • Plagiarism or self-plagiarism is prohibited and will result in the rejection of the published material.
  • Publication or attempt to publish the same manuscript in more than one journal will result in rejection of the publication.

Each study is reviewed before publication. The procedure followed by Geologica is a double-blind review by the specialists of our editorial board. After the review, the material may be accepted, accepted after some modifications, or rejected. Authors must adapt the material to the needs of the reviewers. Otherwise, their publication will be rejected. Thus, the authors are obliged to participate in the peer-review process.

The corresponding author is an author who is responsible for all communication regarding the manuscript at all stages. He/she is also responsible for the approval of revised files by all authors.

In the publication process of the journal, the editors have the following responsibilities,

  • Authority to accept or reject an article.
  • Should have no conflict of interest about articles they reject/accept.
  • Accept an article only if it has been accepted with reasonable validity.
  • If errors are found, encourage publication of a correction or retraction.
  • Preserve the anonymity of reviewers.
  • The Geologica monitors and ensures publication ethics through the Editorial Board.
  • The Editorial Board provides guidelines for article retraction.
  • Editorial Board members must maintain the integrity of academic records.
  • The Editorial Board also prohibits commercial needs from risking intellectual and ethical standards.
  • The editorial board may ask the authors to make corrections, clarifications, or retractions when necessary. Editorial Board also ensures the publication on the Geologica website and in the journal.
  • The editorial board takes care of the prevention of plagiarism or fraud.
  • Plagiarism is not acceptable. With the submission, authors declare the originality of their work by properly citing, reusing, or copying previous publications and signing a declaration of originality.
  • Textual similarity greater than 10% is considered plagiarized and is unacceptable.
  • If plagiarism is identified during the peer review process, the manuscript will be rejected. If plagiarism is detected after publication, the publisher will withdraw the work.


Authors and readers are encouraged to notify if they discover errors in published content, authors’ names, and references, or if they have reason to be concerned about the legitimacy of a publication. In such cases, the Geologica Team (after consulting with the authors of the article) will publish an errata and/or replace or retract the article.

Errors may be found in published articles that require the publication of a correction in the form of a corrigendum or erratum. Since articles can be read and cited immediately after publication, subsequent changes can potentially affect those who read and cited the earlier version.

The publication of a notice of concern may be considered if:
  • There is inconclusive evidence of author misconduct in the research or publication.
  • There is evidence that the results are unreliable, but Geologica will not investigate the case.
  • There is an investigation into apparent misconduct about the publication that was not or would not be modest and neutral or precise.
  • An investigation is underway, but a verdict will not be available for some time.
  • Concerns and retractions should not simply be expressed in a letter to the editor. Rather, they should be identified, appear on an electronic page that is included in an electronic or printed table of contents to ensure proper indexing, and include in their title the title of the original article. Online, the retracted and original articles should be linked in both directions and the retracted article should be marked as retracted in all forms (abstract, full text, PDF).

Articles may be withdrawn by the corresponding author before they are accepted for publication. Article retractions are strongly discouraged and are used only in exceptional cases for early versions of articles that have been accepted for publication but not yet officially published. Such versions may contain errors, may have been accidentally submitted twice, or may violate a journal’s ethical guidelines (e.g., multiple submissions, false claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, etc.). In such situations, especially in the case of legal/ethical violations or incorrect/inaccurate data, the use of which could pose a harmful risk, it may be decided to remove the earlier edition of the article from our electronic platform.

Note that authors who retain copyright to an article do not automatically have the right to withdraw it after publication. The quality of the published scientific record is of paramount importance, and these guidelines for retractions and retractions apply in such cases as well.

A retraction may be considered:
  • If there is clear evidence that the results are unreliable, either due to misconduct or honest error.
  • If the results have already been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, approval, or justification.
  • If the research constitutes plagiarism.
  • If there is evidence of fraudulent authorship.
  • If there is evidence of unethical research.

In exceptional cases, it may be unavoidable to remove an article from the Geologica Website. This will only be the case if the article is defamatory or violates the rights of others, or if the subject of a court order. In these circumstances, the metadata (title and authors) will be retained, but the text will be replaced with a notice that the article has been removed for legal reasons.


All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest or financial support related to the present article.


The names and email addresses entered on the Geologica website will be used solely for the stated objectives of this journal and will not be shared for any other objective or with any other party.


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